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Spill Notification Point
Marine Department Malaysia P.O. Box 12 42007 Port Klang
Tel: 603 3346 7777
Fax: 603 31685289
Petroleum Industry of Malaysia Mutual Aid Group (PIMMAG)
Tel: 6019-31-31-631 (24 hr) or 603 2783 6998
Fax: 603 2783 6992
Competent National Authority
Department of Environment Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment Level 1 - 4, Podium 2 & 3, Wisma Sumber Asli No.25, Persiaran Perdana, Precinct 4 Federal Government Administrative Centre 62574 Putrajaya, Malaysia Web: http://www.doe.gov.my/
Tel: 603 887 12000
Fax : 603 8889 1973/75
A National Contingency Plan to combat oil spills in the Strait of Malacca was initially produced in 1975. The plan was subsequently updated in 1989 and 2000 to extend its coverage to include the East Coast, Sabah and Sarawak. The Department of Environment (DOE) has overall responsibility for oil spill response with the major operating role falling to the Marine Department of the Ministry of Transport. In the event of a major oil spill, coordination is carried out by the National Oil Spill Control Committee (NOSCC). This is chaired by the Director General of the DOE and comprises representatives of various other Government agencies and the petroleum industry. If the spill is small, a local contingency plan (Tier 1) is activated and cleanup operations are carried out by the operators of the relevant port, terminal or depot. The operation is monitored closely by the DOE. Should the spill extend to areas outside port limits or beyond local capability, Area Response (Tier 2) is put into place.
Major role players during cleanup operations are: an Area Coordinator, who is responsible for coordinating support, a Beach Cleanup Coordinator and an On-Scene Commander responsible for offshore cleanup operations. Beach cleanup operations are organised in conjunction with the local authorities. The National Plan also takes into account the role of local experts from various academic disciplines.
The physical removal of oil is the preferred response. Dispersants, approved by the DOE, may be used when this option is deemed inadequate.
The Marine Department has 13 new multipurpose catamarans strategically deployed throughout the country for oil spill response and other duties.
The Japanese Ministry of Transport, through the OSPAR (Oil Spill Preparedness and Response in Asia) scheme, has also provided spill response equipment, sited at equipment bases in Port Klang, Penang, Johor Bahru & Labuan.
Under the Malaysian Environment Quality Act, oil companies are required to operate adequate equipment. Stockpiles of equipment are based at several coastal sites with considerable stocks of dispersant and beach cleaning equipment. The Petroleum Industry of Malaysia Mutual Aid Group (PIMMAG), funded by 15 operating oil companies provides a coordinated Tier 2 response supplementary to member resources. There are three manned equipment bases at Kemaman, Port Dickson, Labuan and three unmanned bases at Kuching, Miri and Tawau.
Additionally, the Petroleum Association of Japan has placed a separate stockpile at Port Klang including boom & skimmers and temporary storage equipment.
Previous Spill Experience
Following the NAGASAKI SPIRIT (1992) incident in the Malacca Strait, oil industry equipment at Port Klang and Port Dickson was airlifted to Langkawi Island. However, only small quantities of oil went ashore. This was cleaned manually. In 1997 Heavy Fuel Oil spilled from the tanker EVOIKOS off the coast of Singapore came ashore along a 40km length of the Malaysian coastline. A successful strategy of monitoring drifting oil and protecting key resources was adopted by the Malaysian authorities.
Hazardous & Noxious Substances (HNS)
There is currently no designated spill notification point or competent authority for HNS, but the Marine Department and the Department of the Environment are likely to be key players and are developing the country’s capability in this area. There is currently no national contingency plan for HNS nor dedicated response equipment. Cooperative arrangements exist with Singapore whereby both countries would provide assistance in the event of an oil or chemical spill.
Prevention & Safety
|OPRC '90||OPRC HNS|
* not yet in force
Regional and bilateral agreements
- Standard Operating Procedure for Joint Oil Spill Combat in the Straits of Malacca and Singapore between Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, established by the Straits of Malacca and Singapore Revolving Fund Sulawesi Sea Oil Spill Network Response Plan – sub-regional plan for the Straits of Lombok, Makassar and Sulawesi Sea – Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines
- Standard Operating Procedure for Joint Oil Spill Combat in the South China Sea including Brunei Bay – Malaysia and Brunei
- The ASEAN - OSRAP (Association of South East Asian Nations Oil Spill Response Action Plan) with the other ASEAN countries and with contribution from Japan.
- Regional Programme for the Prevention and Management of Marine Pollution in the East Asian Seas with the ASEAN countries, Cambodia, China, PDR of Korea, Rep. of Korea and Vietnam.
Date of issue: December 2010
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