Ghana



Spill Notification Point

Operations Room

Navy Headquarters Burma Camp Accra or Coast Radio Station MF,HF, VHF or Port Radio Stations (Tema, Takoradi) VHF Ch 14 & 16, MF, HF

Tel: +233 21 777991 or +233 21 766850 or +233 21 777621
Fax: +233 21 761390

Competent National Authority

Environmental Protection Agency

PO Box M326 Ministries Post Office Accra

Tel: +233 21 664697/8
Fax: +233 21 662690
Ministry of Transport and Communications

PO Box M.38 Accra

Tel: +011 233 21 666465
Fax: +011 233 21 667114

Response Arrangements

A National Oil Spill Contingency Plan has been prepared. The lead agency for dealing with oil spills is the Environment Protection Agency of the Ministry of Environment, Science and Technology, which works in conjunction with the Ministry of Transport and Communications. The Chief of Naval Operations would provide the on-scene commander to coordinate military involvement in spill reconnaissance and clean-up. 


Response Policy

The National Plan gives containment and recovery as the preferred policy options for oil spill response. Dispersant use, however, is listed as being both feasible and desirable in some cases. Any clean-up would involve manual shoreline cleaning due to the predominantly onshore winds for much of the year.

Disposal options include landfill, burning, recycling recovered oil at a refinery or reusing in industry.


Equipment

Government

There is very little dedicated oil spill response equipment available in Ghana. The Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority have two tugs at Tema and one tug at Takoradi fitted with booms, skimmers and tank receptacles.  Also some vacuum trucks are available. Military sources under the control of the on-scene commander would provide aircraft for surveillance and monitoring duties.

Private

Both mechanical and agricultural equipment suitable for beach cleaning, and labour, are available
commercially. Tank trucks and pumps are available commercially. Locally readily available waste materials (coconut husk and poultry feathers) are suitable as cheap sorbents.


Previous Spill Experience

There does not appear to have been any major spills in Ghana waters. Small spills have been reported at the Tema oil refinery and at the ports of Tema and Takoradi.


Conventions

Prevention & Safety

MARPOL Annexes        
73/78 III IV V VI

Spill Response

   
OPRC '90 OPRC HNS
 

Compensation

CLC     Fund Supp HNS* Bunker
'69 '76 '92 '92 Fund    
       

* not yet in force  


Regional and bilateral agreements

  • Abidjan Convention (with states of the West and Central African Region).

Date of issue: December 2010

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